Good sexual health starts with respect, communication and consent. This page will help you learn about healthy relationships, improving your knowledge about sexual health, taking care of yourself and your partner/s, and how you can access culturally safe sexual health checks. You can also check out our Guide to Finding a Culturally Sensitive Health Professional.

A couple lie on a bed, one man looking with apprehension

Sexual health advice for young people

This information was developed by the Young Health Ambassadors, a group of young people from migrant and refugee backgrounds.

What to talk to your doctor about during your sexual health check-up

Have the following items ready

  • Your Medicare card
  • Your insurance
  • Questions to ask the doctor and information about your health history
  • ID - e.g., Drivers License/Passport
  • Parents/Guardian permission if under 18

Answer questions honestly

It is not the doctor or any physician's place to judge your answers to these questions. You are entitled to your own choices.

Have you been sexually active in the last year?

Some follow-up questions may include:

  • Which gender/s do you have sex with?
  • In the past 12 months, how many sexual partners have you had?
  • Do you have anal, oral, or vaginal sex?

What are you doing to protect yourself from STIs/STDs?

  • Have you ever tested positive for an STI/STD?
  • Do you use contraception? E.g., condom, the pill, an IUD or implanon.
  • Have you had any vaccinations for Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B or human papillomavirus (HPV)?

Is there something you’re worried about with your sexual health?

For example, itching, burning when urinating, pain during sex, bumps or lumps, sores or any other concerns?

Be open and honest about your sexual history

Realise that it is completely human and normal to take a sexual health check. You are doing your best to take care of your body.

Condoms on fruits

How to make sure your needs are met during a sexual health check

1. Write up a plan

Before attending a doctor's appointment, write a plan for any questions you may have, any symptoms you’ve noticed and anything you want to know more about.

2. Ask questions

You are allowed to question your doctor about the specifics of a procedure – cost, insurance, the formalities, etc. You can also ask your doctor questions about the different types of sexual health tests and how often to get tested.

3. Make your space safe

If you are uncomfortable being examined by a male doctor, you are entitled to request the presence of a female triage nurse in the room. You may choose to not get a physical exam if you are not comfortable doing so. You can self-test, or choose another provider to do the test for you.

4. Follow up

For self-administered physical exams, you are allowed to ask the doctor/nurse any follow up questions to ensure you are doing it correctly. You're also allowed to ask for test results to be emailed/posted to you.

Doctor with hijab smiling

Your rights when getting a sexual health check

Right to access your own health information

You can request your previous healthcare providers to transfer over your files to your current provider for a low/no fee. You can always request copies of test results (e.g., blood tests, x-rays, ultrasounds) to be emailed for personal records.

Right to privacy

With only a few exceptions, anything you discuss with your doctor must, by law, be kept private between the two of you and the organisation they work for. This is also known as doctor–patient confidentiality.

Right to informed consent

Your doctor must fully explain your medical issue and treatment options so that when you make a treatment decision, you can give your ‘informed consent’. You have the right to seek a second opinion from another doctor.

Right to report

Finally, you can always report ill-treatment, discrimination, or racist or degrading behaviour by any medical practitioner towards you by calling the Health Complaints Commissioner on 1300 582 113.


  • Let Them Know

    Visit the website

    For people diagnosed with an STI
    Melbourne Sexual Health Centre

    This website will help you contact a sexual partner if you have been diagnosed with an STI. You can:

    • Use the website to send a free, anonymous text message or email to tell them to get an STI check

    • Get advice about how to talk to someone about an STI if you want to tell them yourself

  • How urgent are my symptoms?

    Use the tool

    To help you decide when to get an STI test
    Victorian Sexual Health Network

    This short, simple, and anonymous quiz tells you how soon you should get an STI test based on the symptoms you have.

  • What tests do I need? (LGBTIQA+)

    Use the tool

    To help LGBTIQA+ people decide which STI tests to get
    Victorian Sexual Health Network

    This short, simple, and anonymous quiz tells you which STI tests you should get based on your gender identity and sexuality.

  • Talk. Test. Treat.

    Visit the resource

    For people from multicultural backgrounds
    Centre for Culture, Ethnicity and Health


    This free website includes information for:

    • How to talk about STIs

    • How to get tested

    • How to get treated

  • Health Translations

    Visit the database

    For information in different languages
    Victorian Government


    This is a free Victorian database of health information in different languages. You can look up health topics and filter by language, the organisation that created the resource, and the What type of resource it is – for example, an image, a video, audio or in writing.file type.


    To learn more about STIs in general, searching ‘STI’ as the keyword will show you all sorts of information.


    If there are no results for your language, try searching by ‘Easy English’.

  • Multilingual sexual health resources

    Visit the website

    For information in different languages
    Sexual Health Victoria

    On this website you can download factsheets and watch videos, in different languages or in Easy English. It includes information about:

    • STIs and ‘BBV’ stands for ‘Blood Borne Virus’. These are viruses that people carry in their blood, and can be spread to other people. For example, HIV.BBVs, and getting tested
    • What is the vulva
    • Contraception and pregnancy planning
    • English sexual health words

    In these languages:

    • Arabic | لعربية
    • Dari | درى
    • Karen | စှ ီၤ/ကညီကျ ိာ
    • Punjabi | ਪੰਜਾਬੀ
    • Somali | Af-Soomaali
    • Tamil | தமிழ
    • Traditional Chinese |繁體中文
    • Vietnamese | Tiếng Việt
    • English
  • Stay STI free

    Visit the website

    For information in different languages
    Victorian Sexual Health Network

     This website has detailed information on different types of STIs and sexual health conditions. You can click on each topic to download the information in your language. These include:

    • English
    • Arabic | لعربية
    • Chinese (simplified) |中文
    • Filipino | pilipino
    • Japanese |日本語
    • Korean |한국어
    • Spanish | español
    • Thai | ภาษาไทย

    Vietnamese Tiếng Việt

  • Note:

    This is a list of specialised sexual health services for young people and/or people from migrant and/or refugee backgrounds. You can also access sexual health checks at most general practice doctor offices.

  • Sexual healthcare on campus

    For college or university students

    Many colleges and universities have healthcare services for all students and staff to access, including international students. These services often include sexual health services. Contact your university's student union or visit their website to find out more.

  • Sexual Health Victoria clinics

    Visit the website


    Sexual Health Victoria – Melbourne CBD
    Level 1, 94 Elizabeth Street, Melbourne
    Monday – Friday, 9am – 5pm
    Call 9660 4700 or book online

    Sexual Health Victoria – Box Hill
    901 Whitehorse Road, Box Hill
    Monday – Friday, 9am – 5pm
    Call  9257 0100 or book online

    Both of these clinics provide low or no cost services to young people aged 23 and under. These are confidential and youth-friendly. They provide a range of services to do with:

    • Contraception

    • Also known as the ‘abortion pill’, this is an abortion that happens by taking medication, instead of having surgery.Medical abortion

    • Pregnancy

    • Reproductive and sexual health

  • TESTme

    Visit the website

    For young people who live in rural and regional Victoria
    Melbourne Sexual Health Centre

    This is a free service for young people aged 25 and under, who live 100km or more away from Melbourne. You can order a kit to do an at-home test for chlamydia and gonorrhoea. (Please note: this does not include other STI tests, for example syphilis or HIV). 

  • Family and Reproductive Rights Education Program (FARREP)

    Visit the website

    For women from communities traditionally affected by female genital mutilation/cutting
    Multicultural Centre for Women’s Health

    This is a state-wide, culturally sensitive program to prevent female genital mutilation/cutting (FGMC). They also help women from communities traditionally affected by FGMC with sexual and reproductive health issues.